Vitae Scholasticae:
The Journal for Educational Biography

Style Guidelines

• Manuscripts should be no more than 30 pages (including references).
• Do not use headers and/or footers.
• Use Times New Roman, 12 point font for all text.
• Double-space all pages of the manuscript.
• Use 1” margins.
• Indent the first sentence of each paragraph five spaces.
• Include a comma before “and” in any series (e.g., mother, father, and child”).

How to cite references in your text

A. Bibliographic citations are provided in endnotes. Endnote pages appear at the end of the manuscript and must correspond with the numbers in the text. Endnote numbers should be shown as superscripts, and usually follow punctuation when cited in text. (An exception is the dash, which it precedes).
B. Only endnotes are allowed; do not include a reference list or a bibliography.

Composition of endnotes
A. For a journal article: Author’s name; article title in quotation marks; journal title (in italics); volume number; year of issue; inclusive page numbers:
           1. Craig Kridel and Robert V. Bullough, Jr. “Conceptions and misperceptions of the Eight-Year Study,”
                Journal of Curriculum and Supervision 16 (2003): 63-82.

B. For a book: Author’s name; book title (italics); city of publication; publisher; year of publication; page number (if appropriate):
           1. Boyd H. Bode, Democracy as a Way of Life (New York: McMillan, 1937), 75.
           2. Harold Rugg and Ann Schumaker, The Child-Centered School (New York: Arno Press, 1969).

C. For a chapter in an edited book:
           1. Frances Fox Piven, “Welfare and Work,” In Whose Welfare, ed. G. Mink. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999).

D. If a citation is immediately followed by a citation from the same source, “ibid” may be used in the second parenthetical reference:
           1. Boyd H. Bode, Democracy as a Way of Life (New York: McMillan, 1937), 75.
           2. Ibid.
           3. Ibid, 77.

E. If a citation is followed by another from the same source, and there are other sources in between, a shortened reference may be given, consisting of author last name and a shortened title:
           1. Rugg and Schumaker, Child-Centered School, 114.

F. For an article that was retrieved electronically, provide the URL, followed by the access date:
           1. Yaacov Boaz Yablon, “Contact Intervention Programs for Peace Education and the Reality of Dynamic Conflicts,” Teachers College
               Record 109, No. 4 (2007) (accessed April 27, 2009).

G. For style details, consult the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition. (Note that Vitae Scholasticae uses the notes system and not the author-date system.)

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